Greek Super League
Super League; is the name given to Greece's top professional championship in 2006, when the organizing body of the competition rebranded the country's prime football “product”. It is the successor of the “Alpha Ethniki” (A National) which started in 1959, even though football in the country has been played since the late 19th century, and some sort of national competition has been organized since 1927.
Founded: 2006 (1927)
Organizer: Hellenic Football Federation
HFF Panhellenic Championship (1927-1959)
A National (1959-2006)
Super League (2006-)
Most championships: Olympiacos (44)
Most played seasons: Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, PAOK (61)
Aris Thessaloniki are considered the first champions, in 1928, in times when – officially recognized – football matches were played exclusively in Athens/Piraeus (the latter is that port sibling of Greece's capital city, there is no natural or other boundary between the two) and Thessaloniki.
The first really nation-wide and open to teams from any part of the country championship was organized in 1959-1960, under the new back then name of “Alpha Ethniki”. Panathinaikos were the first winners, going on to dominate the whole of the 60s, unlike the 50s that were mostly an Olympiacos affair.
Greece was ruled by a military regime from 1967 to 1974, a period during which the champion of Cyprus spent next season playing in Greece's top category. Democracy was restored in the country in the mid 70s, and the practice of “hosting” the best team of brother-state Cyprus was discontinued.
Football in Greece became professional in 1979, with all Alpha Ethniki clubs turning into SAs (Société Anonyme in French), “Ανώνυμες Εταιρείες”, (Greek for “anonymous companies”).
The 1987-88 season was a historic one for the Greek league, since AEL, Athlitiki Enosi Larissas (Athletic Union of Larissa, a city in central Greece), became the first (and only, at least until 2017) non Athens/Piraeus or Thessaloniki club to win the title. Including Aris, who won the championship three times before the establishment of the Alpha Ethniki in 1959, only six clubs have won the title, with Olympiacos Piraeus proud to boast more trophies than Panathinaikos, AEK (both from Athens), and PAOK (from Thessaloniki).
In the early 90s, AEK managed to win three consecutive titles for the first time in their history, playing some really impressive football. Soon after that, Olympiacos started building their empire, having the strongest team on the field, the wealthiest businessman/owner financing them (Sokratis Kokkalis), and an undeniable streak of key referee decisions going their way as well.
In 2004, soon after Panathinaikos won a rare (after 1996) championship title, the national team of Greece shocked the football world by becoming European champions in Portugal, beating the host nation twice, including in the final. The unexpected and historic success was seen by many in the country as a fantastic opportunity to draw a line and make a fresh start, doing everything necessary to “clean” the national championship/football scene up, giving all teams a fair chance.
Soon, it was made obvious that the domestic football status quo could not change, and Olympiacos went back to dominating for years, winning the championship practically without competition, using huge sums of money earned by the team's participation in the UEFA Champions League groups to further strengthen the squad, and grow the gap between them and everyone else.
Greek Super League is since 2006 the top tier of the Greece football league system. The second nationwide division is since 2010 known as Football League (former Beta Ethniki). An overview of the current league system in Greece is presented in table 1.
|Greek Super League||1|
Below the third level, several local amateurs leagues are included in the league system.
Teams with most titles
Statistics of all Greek clubs that have won the top league during the period 1927-2020.
If only league titles since 1959 are counted, including Alpha Ethniki, Olympiacos is still the leading club.
Capacity of Greek Super League
Table 3 shows the capacity of all Greek Super League club stadiums (based on the teams that participated in the league season 2019–2020). Olympic Stadium, home ground for both to AEK and Panathinaikos is the biggest in the league with a capacity of almost 70,000 people.
|AEL||AEL FC Arena||16,118|
|Aris||Kleanthis Vikelides Stadium||22,800|
|Asteras Tripolis||Asteras Tripolis Stadium||7,717|
|Lamia||Lamia Municipal Stadium||5,500|
|OFI||Theodoros Vardinogiannis Stadium||9,088|
|Olympiacos||Georgios Karaiskakis Stadium||32,115|
|Panionios||Nea Smyrni Stadium||11,700|
|Xanthi||Xanthi FC Arena||7,242|
Former Greek Super League clubs and stadiums: Apollon Smyrnis, Georgios Kamaras Stadium (14,856); PAS Giannina Zosimades Stadium (7,534).
Since 1959, which is considered the birth year of the Super League (including its direct predecessor, the Alpha Ethniki), only three teams have managed to not miss a single season in the top category; Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and PAOK.
Dimitris (usually called “Mimis”) Domazos, a legendary Greek midfielder, holds the record of most games played, more than 530, mostly for Panathinaikos, and a small part for AEK. Thomas Mavros, an AEK icon, but also big in Panionios' history (a smaller club that have produced several important players but have never won the championship title), is the league's all-time leading scorer, having found the back of the net a record 260 times. Another Panathinaikos legend, Polish striker Krzysztof Warzycha, has played more games (390) and scored more goals (245) than any other foreigner in the Greek league, making nothing but friends with his skill, professionalism and overall attitude, on and off the field.
The games between Olympiacos and Panathinaikos are the biggest of the season, as they involve the most successful clubs, and also the ones that are followed by the largest fan bases. Panathinaikos vs AEK are the biggest Athens derbies. PAOK vs Aris in Thessaloniki are also big, but with the latter absent from the top category for several seasons since the mid 90s, the rivalry has somewhat subsided. Last, but not least, Olympiacos vs PAOK are by far the biggest games involving a team from Piraeus/Athens and Thessaloniki, the two biggest metropolitan areas in Greece.
By Georgios Moralis
Super League timeline
1926 The Hellenic Football Federation (Ellinikí Podosferikí Omospondía; ΕΠΟ) is founded.
1927 The first national championship in Greece, HFF Panhellenic Championship (predecessor to A National), is established.
1928 No championship is held the season 1928-29.
1934 The 1934-35 season is not finished.
1940 The ongoing season is abandoned due to the war.
1945 The league is restored after the war.
1949 No championship is held the season 1949-50.
1951 No championship is held the season 1951-52.
1959 A National (predecessor to Super League), is established.
1992 From the 1992-93 season, wins are awarded three points instead of two.
2006 The league is renamed as Super League.