The UEFA Cup existed from 1971 to 2009 until it change its name to the Europa League. At the same time the structure changed from a knockout tournament to a group tournament. Whereas the European Cup included teams that had won their domestic leagues the UEFA Cup included the closest runners-up (how many teams that qualified from each league differed depending on rankings and seeding. From the season 1999-2000 the tournament also included winners of the domestic cups due to a merge of the Cup Winner's Cup.
All the winners and runners-up trough the years of the UEFA Cup. The very last UEFA Cup tournament was played in the season 2008-2009. After that, the tournament changed setup and was renamed Europa League, continue to Europe League winners and runners-up.
|2008-2009||Shakhtar Donetsk||Werder Bremen|
|1986-1987||IFK Göteborg||Dundee United|
|1979-1980||Eintracht Frankfurt||Borussia Mönchengladbach|
|1978-1979||Borussia Mönchengladbach||Red Star|
As the table show, the UEFA Cup started in 1971. It was preceded by the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup that existed between 1955 and 1971, but was not originally arranged by UEFA.
Including the 1996-1997 season, the final was played in a two-legged match. It would when change to a one match final on a neutral ground from 1997-1998 season.
In the first decade of the UEFA Cup English and West Germany club performed well. In the 1980s Swedish teams won quite surprisingly the tournament twice. Italy was dominating in the 1990s and Spain in the 2000s.
The most successful clubs in the tournament's history are Juventus, Internazionale and Liverpool, with three trophies each. Six clubs have won the tournament twice: Borussia Mönchengladbach, Tottenham, Feyernoord, IFK Göteborg, Real Madrid and Parma.
In addition, these teams have won once: Wolverhampton Wanderers, Twente, Brugge, Bastia, Red Star Belgrade, Benfica, Marseille, AZ, Hamburg, Vidi, Köln, Dundee United, Stuttgart, Fiorentina, Roma, Torino, Salzburg, Bordeaux, Lazio, Arsenal, Alavés, Celtic, Sporting, Middlesbrough, Rangers, Borussia Dortmund, Porto, Espanyol, Athletic Bilbao and Werder Bremen.
UEFA Cup timeline
1971 The competition is established.
1986 Real Madrid become the first club to win the tournament two years in a row.
1999 The tournament is merged with the Cup Winner's Cup.
2009 The tournament is rebranded to Europa League.