Italian Serie A

Serie A (Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie A) is the name of the top Italian football league and has existed since 1898 and since 1929 as structured today. Since 1961, the winner gets the trophy called Coppa Campioni d'Italia. When the league was established it included 18 clubs, but since when it has decreased and expanded many times: from 16 as minimum to 21 clubs as maximum (since the 2004-2005 season, 20 clubs has been included). Today the division is also referred to Lega Serie A.


The Italian Serie A was inaugurated already in 1898, but for some more than two decades the competition was divided into regional groups. During the period 1922-1929 different arrangement was tried until several interregional divisions was merging into one. At this time was also Serie B, the second highest division inaugurated.

In 1964, the league became the Lega Serie A when the Lega Calcio was founded in replace of Italian Federal Football Association.

Scudetti, which is Italian for “little shield” has since the 1924 been a shield (i.e. logo) been awarded to the winner to wear on the shirt. The team winning the Serie A is often referred to “winning the scudetto”.


Teams with most titles

Statistics of all Italian clubs that have won the top division more than once, concerning the period 1929-2018.

Table 1. Clubs and Serie A titles
Club Titles
Juventus 34
Milan 18
Internazionale 18
Genoa 9
Torino 7
Bologna 7
Pro Vercelli 7
Roma 3
Fiorentina 2
Lazio 2
Napoli 2

Also, Cagliare, Casale, Novese, Hellas Verona and Sampdoria have won the Seria A. Notice that Juventus won the league in season 2004-05, but the title was later revoked.

Teams with most Serie A participation

Statistics of the Italian clubs that have participated over 50 times in Serie A during the period 1929-2017.

Table 2. Clubs and league participation
Club Participation
Internazionale 86
Juventus 85
Roma 85
Fiorentina 80
Lazio 75
Torino 74
Napoli 72
Bologna 71
Atalanta 57
Genoa 51

Numbers of teams included

Overview of the number of teams that have participated from season to season.

Table 3. Number of participating teams
Seasons Teams
2004/2005- 20
1988/1999-2003/2004 18
1967/1968-1987/1988 16
1952/1953-1966/1967 18
1948/1949-1951/1952 20
1947/1948 21
1946/1947 20
1934/1935-1942/1943 16
1929/1930-1933/1934 18

Due to the World War II, no seasons were played during the period 1944-1945.

Top goalscorers

The league's all-time leading goalscorer is Silvio Piola who played in Cagliari Calcio and who's career lasted from 1929 to 1952. In thís period he scored 274 times in Serie A.

Next to Piola, Francesco Totti is the top goalscorer with 250 goals between 1992 and 2017.

Francesco Totti
Francesco Totti in Roma uniform.

Other notable goalscorer in the league are Gunnar Nordahl, José Altafini, Giuseppe Meazza, Antonio Di Natale and Roberto Baggio. They all scored over 200 times.

Qualification for European Cups

The top three teams in Seria A are qualified for the Champions League (one place also goes to the winner of the Coppa Italia) and the teams that are placed 3-6 will also get the chance to play in European Cups.


Since the season 2006-2007 the three teams placed at the bottom of the table (places 18-20) have been relegated to Serie B. In the 2005-2006 season only two teams were relegated. Before that two teams (places 18-20) were relegated directly and two teams (places 17-18) would go to playoffs consisting of a two-legged game in which the winner avoided relegation.

Image source:
Roberto Vicario