Italian Serie A

Serie A (Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie A) is the name of the top Italian football league and has existed since 1898 and since 1929 as structured today. Since 1961, the winner gets the trophy called Coppa Campioni d'Italia. When the league was established it included 18 clubs, but since when it has decreased and expanded many times: from 16 as minimum to 21 clubs as maximum (since the 2004-2005 season, 20 clubs has been included). Today the division is also referred to Lega Serie A.

History

The Italian Serie A was inaugurated already in 1898, but for some more than two decades the competition was divided into regional groups. During the period 1922-1929 different arrangement was tried until several interregional divisions was merging into one. At this time was also Serie B, the second highest division inaugurated.

In 1964, the league became the Lega Serie A when the Lega Calcio was founded in replace of Italian Federal Football Association.

Scudetti, which is Italian for “little shield” has since the 1924 been a shield (i.e. logo) been awarded to the winner to wear on the shirt. The team winning the Serie A is often referred to “winning the scudetto”.

League system

Serie A is the top level of the Italian football league system. The second division was founded in 1929 and is known as Serie B. Some years later a third tier, Serie C was founded. An overview of the current national league system is presented in the table below.

Table 1. Italian football tiers
Club Tier
Serie A 1
Serie B 2
Serie C 3

Below the third tier the league is played on semi- or non-professional levels with regional divisions.

Qualification for European Cups

The top three teams in Seria A are qualified for the Champions League (one place also goes to the winner of the Coppa Italia) and the teams that are placed 3-6 will also get the chance to play in European Cups.

Relegations

Since the season 2006-2007 the three teams placed at the bottom of the table (places 18-20) have been relegated to Serie B. In the 2005-2006 season only two teams were relegated. Before that two teams (places 18-20) were relegated directly and two teams (places 17-18) would go to playoffs consisting of a two-legged game in which the winner avoided relegation.

Stats

Teams with most titles

Statistics of all Italian clubs that have won the top division more than once, concerning the period 1929-2018.

Table 2. Clubs and Serie A titles
Club Titles
Juventus 34
Milan 18
Internazionale 18
Genoa 9
Torino 7
Bologna 7
Pro Vercelli 7
Roma 3
Fiorentina 2
Lazio 2
Napoli 2

Also, Cagliare, Casale, Novese, Hellas Verona and Sampdoria have won the Seria A. Notice that Juventus won the league in season 2004-05, but the title was later revoked.

Teams with most Serie A participation

Statistics of the Italian clubs that have participated over 50 times in Serie A during the period 1929-2017.

Table 3. Clubs and league participation
Club Participation
Internazionale 86
Juventus 85
Roma 85
Fiorentina 80
Lazio 75
Torino 74
Napoli 72
Bologna 71
Atalanta 57
Genoa 51

Numbers of teams included

Overview of the number of teams that have participated from season to season.

Table 4. Number of participating teams
Seasons Teams
2004/2005– 20
1988/1999–2003/2004 18
1967/1968–1987/1988 16
1952/1953–1966/1967 18
1948/1949–1951/1952 20
1947/1948 21
1946/1947 20
1934/1935–1942/1943 16
1929/1930–1933/1934 18

Due to the World War II, no seasons were played during the period 1944-1945.

Audience

Capacity of Serie A stadiums

The table shows the capacity of the teams participating in Serie A. San Siro, where both Internazionale and Milan plays, has the highest capacity with over 80,00 seats. The average capacity in the league is 39,410.

Table 5. The stadium capacities in the Serie A season 2018-2019
Team Stadium name Capacity
Atalanta Atleti Azzurri d'Italia 21,300
Bologna Renato Dall'Ara 38,279
Cagliari Sardegna Arena 16,233
Chievo Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi 38,402
Empoli Stadio Carlo Castellani 16,284
Fiorentina Stadio Artemio 43,147
Frosinone Stadio Benito Stirpe 16,227
Genoa Stadio Luigi Ferraris 36,685
Internazionale San Siro 80,018
Juventus Juventus Stadium 41,507
Lazio Stadio Olimpico 72,698
Milan San Siro 80,018
Napoli Stadio San Paolo 60,240
Parma Stadio Ennio Tardini 27,906
Roma Stadio Olimpico 72,698
Sampdoria Stadio Luigi Ferraris 36,685
Sassuolo Mapei Stadium 23,717
SPAL Stadio Paolo Mazza 13,020
Torino Stadio Olimpico di Torino 27,994
Udinese Stadio Friuli-Dacia Arena 25,132

Players

Top goalscorers

The league's all-time leading goalscorer is Silvio Piola who played in Cagliari Calcio and who's career lasted from 1929 to 1952. In thís period he scored 274 times in Serie A.

Next to Piola, Francesco Totti is the top goalscorer with 250 goals between 1992 and 2017.

Francesco Totti
Francesco Totti in Roma uniform.

Other notable goalscorer in the league are Gunnar Nordahl, José Altafini, Giuseppe Meazza, Antonio Di Natale and Roberto Baggio. They all scored over 200 times.

References:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serie_A
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scudetto
http://www.legaseriea.it/en/lega-calcio/history
Image source:
Roberto Vicario